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MANILA — Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the son and namesake of the previous Philippines dictator, appeared certain to win the nation’s presidential election on Monday, with a commanding vote margin that heralded a outstanding revival for a household as soon as pressured into exile, however that additionally raised profound questions on the way forward for Southeast Asia’s oldest democracy.

The Marcos household was pushed from workplace in 1986 by the “Individuals Energy” rebellion, with thousands and thousands of Filipinos uniting to decry lethal abuses and rampant corruption that siphoned billions of {dollars} from the treasury into the household’s private bankroll.

However 5 years later, the youthful Mr. Marcos and his mom have been again within the Philippines. He started working to rehabilitate his household’s title and chart his personal rise to political affect, profitable key management roles on the state stage earlier than coming into nationwide politics as a senator in 2010.

On Monday, these efforts paid off, with Mr. Marcos on a path to win the most important margin of victory in a presidential race within the Philippines since Corazon Aquino was elected within the wake of the ouster of Mr. Marcos’s father.

Early Tuesday, preliminary returns with greater than 90 p.c of the vote counted confirmed Mr. Marcos with 28.8 million votes, greater than double that of his closest rival, Leni Robredo, the vice chairman.

Mr. Marcos, 64, gained the help of thousands and thousands of voters who’ve grown disillusioned with their nation’s model of democracy and its failure to deal with the fundamental wants of its residents. Poverty is widespread, inequality has widened and corruption stays rampant.

His opponents worry that as president, Mr. Marcos will solely deepen the tradition of impunity enshrined by the departing chief, Rodrigo Duterte, who labored to help a Marcos comeback throughout his years in energy.

Mr. Marcos has mentioned he would attempt to defend Mr. Duterte from worldwide court docket proceedings. And lots of anticipate Mr. Marcos to attempt to dismantle investigations and prosecutions that stay towards his household.

Credit score…Lisa Marie David/Reuters

Pollsters mentioned the help for Mr. Marcos, who’s broadly recognized by his boyhood nickname, Bongbong, immediately correlated with Mr. Duterte’s base. Mr. Marcos’s supporters see in him a glimmer of Mr. Duterte, whose strongman rule stays largely well-liked within the Philippines.

Lots of them backed Mr. Marcos as a result of Sara Duterte, Mr. Duterte’s daughter, ran for vice chairman on his ticket. She appeared set to clinch the vice presidency, with practically 29 million votes, greater than triple that of Senator Francis Pangilinan, who ranked No. 2 and ran in help of Ms. Robredo.

However by the point polls closed at 7 p.m., accounts of alarming irregularities had been reported throughout the nation: malfunctioning voting machines, inadequate backup machines, complaints that voters had been left off registration rolls, and that their ballots had been tampered with.

Nonetheless, Mr. Marcos’s lead was so sturdy early Tuesday that his victory appeared practically inevitable. Official counting begins Tuesday and is predicted to go for just a few days.

Early Tuesday, Ms. Robredo stopped in need of conceding defeat however acknowledged a “feeling of actual dismay amongst our ranks.”

“We’ve not failed,” she assured her supporters, talking from her hometown within the Bicol Area. “We’re simply beginning. An avenue has opened and it’ll not shut down. A motion was born and it’ll not die on the shut of counting.”

However a victory for Mr. Marcos is more likely to result in additional erosion of democracy within the Philippines, the place establishments have been obliterated or weakened below Mr. Duterte. His promise to defend Mr. Duterte from an investigation by the Worldwide Felony Courtroom for a violent drug struggle that has claimed 1000’s of lives has many fearing that impunity for the highly effective will solely deepen.

“Personally, I’m devastated,” mentioned Sol Iglesias, an assistant professor of political science on the College of the Philippines Diliman. “It is a dashing of the hopes that there can be a U-turn away from the backsliding towards authoritarian rule that was begun by President Duterte.”

Late Monday night time, spontaneous celebrations erupted outdoors Mr. Marcos’s marketing campaign headquarters, the place enormous crowds of Filipinos had gathered in peaceable protest towards his father greater than three many years in the past. Supporters sang a martial legislation anthem, waved the Philippines flag and chanted: “Bongbong, Sara!”

Credit score…Jes Aznar for The New York Instances

“This ends our 36-year struggling since 1986,” mentioned Jean Diaz, a 66-year-old supporter. “I’m past comfortable. That is what we’ve been ready for.”

In a speech to his supporters on Monday night time, with the official vote counting forward, Mr. Marcos urged endurance.

“It’s not over but,” he mentioned. “Allow us to maintain watch over our votes. And if I do get fortunate, I hope in your never-ending assist and belief.”

Mr. Marcos has repeatedly mentioned he wouldn’t apologize for the legacy of his father, who died in exile in Hawaii in 1989, and he has campaigned for years to recast the Marcos dictatorship as an period of improvement.

However Mr. Marcos’s title stays tarnished amongst many Filipinos. Lots of them see the household as a logo of greed and extra, accused by the federal government of looting as a lot as $10 billion from the treasury. The “Individuals Energy” revolt was seen as a mannequin for a lot of different international locations with fledgling democracy actions.

“It’s extraordinarily disappointing to see the place we’re at this stage within the sport,” mentioned Cleo Anne A. Calimbahin, an affiliate professor of political science on the De La Salle College-Manila.

Mr. Marcos will face a spread of challenges when he begins presiding over a divided nation. He has campaigned on a platform of unity, promising Filipinos that he would “assist them rise once more.” However lots of his coverage proposals stay skinny and he has shunned a lot of the information media and averted practically all debates.

Credit score…Jes Aznar for The New York Instances

On Ms. Robredo’s aspect, lots of of 1000’s of individuals, lots of them younger, campaigned door to door for her, seeing in her a pacesetter who may result in change.

In the end, they struggled towards a strong political household that was adept at constructing alliances and avoiding any semblance of accountability.

After the Marcoses returned in 1991, they continued constructing their fief within the northern province of Ilocos Norte, the household’s stronghold. Imelda Marcos, Mr. Marcos’s 92-year-old mom, twice ran unsuccessfully for president.

Mr. Marcos served as vice governor, governor and congressman in Ilocos Norte. In 2010, he entered the nationwide political scene when he was elected senator. He ran for the vice presidency in 2016 and misplaced narrowly to Ms. Robredo by simply over 260,000 votes.

Mr. Marcos drew a lot of his help from the younger, who say they take pleasure in watching his YouTube movies portraying him as a cool mum or dad in game-show segments together with his household. A survey has proven that 7 out of 10 Filipinos aged 18 to 24 need him to be president. The nation’s college textbooks gloss over the atrocities of the Marcos period.

“I believe he can remedy all the things,” mentioned Chereen Nicole Rivera, a 21-year-old pupil who was celebrating Mr. Marcos’s win. “The cash stolen was not by him, however by his dad. He shouldn’t be judged by the sins of his dad.”

Critics worry that Mr. Marcos will press the courts to overturn the felony convictions towards himself and his mom, and the excellent circumstances towards his household. Mr. Marcos was sentenced to as much as three years in jail in 1995 for tax-related points, however his sentence was overturned on attraction two years later, despite the fact that his conviction stays on the books. In 2018, his mom was sentenced to as much as 11 years in jail for creating personal foundations to cover her unexplained wealth. She posted bail, and the Supreme Courtroom remains to be reviewing her attraction.

Individually, the federal government remains to be demanding that the Marcoses pay an property tax of a minimum of $3.9 billion, which Mr. Marcos has dismissed as “pretend information.”

Mr. Duterte, an ally of the Marcoses, had paved the way in which for a full rehabilitation of the Marcos title. In 2016, he allowed for the daddy’s physique to be moved to the Philippines’ equal of Arlington Nationwide Cemetery, regardless of protests. And it was not till Sara Duterte made the shock announcement that she would run for vice chairman as an alternative of president that Mr. Marcos gained his massive lead within the polls.

The alliance of the Marcoses and the Dutertes “has successfully fashioned a dynasty cartel,” mentioned Aries Arugay, a professor of political science on the College of the Philippines Diliman.

“The Philippines is heading increasingly more towards an electoral autocracy,” he mentioned, a system that would elect “one other Duterte, one other Marcos for many years and many years to come back.”

Jason Gutierrez and Camille Elemia contributed reporting.

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