‘Press Play’ Is Not a Teaching Strategy: Why Educators Need New Methods for Video

My first foray into utilizing video in my educating concerned a TV cart that drove into my classroom, filled with a plugged-in VHS participant, and no distant management.

As a instructor or pupil, you would possibly bear in mind a screening of ET the Further-Terrestrial over the vacation week, or a school-wide screening of a “strange dangerPSA? Whether or not it was a function movie or an tutorial video, the ’80s and ’90s have been a ‘press and play’ tradition that anticipated college students to take a seat nonetheless, soak up and retain, whereas the educator sat within the again grading. I nonetheless bear in mind a instructor I had pointing to his TV cart and saying, “that is a busy instructor’s finest good friend.”

Quick ahead to 2022, and it is necessary to ask: are academics nonetheless pushing the present model of that TV cart in our bodily and on-line lecture rooms?

Though 97 p.c of schooling professionals at Kaltura State Video in Education annual report says the video is “essential to students’ academic experiences”, relating to hands-on instructional movies, many instructors nonetheless hit play. Maybe that is just because we have not experimented with methods that transcend the passive video expertise.

As I ready to show my first instructional videography course earlier this 12 months, I discovered that we lacked a standard vocabulary to speak about how we design studying with video in thoughts. Since then, I have been selling the time period “video paratext” to replicate the myriad methods we design instructional guides, prompts, actions, or interactive parts to encompass or embody in a video.

I took the phrase “paratext” out of the sector of poetry translation as a result of I personally love “paratext” that precedes or follows a poem, and even interrupts it. In poetry readings particularly, I lean on the phrases {that a} poet shares earlier than or after studying every poem. The paratext helps me join and make sense of the poem.

Equally, I ask educators to think about the best way to assist college students join with the movies by varied prompts and actions that encompass or are included within the video.” May such “paratext” encourage college students to observe a better take a look at a video you’ve got seen?, the way in which you would possibly wish to reread a poem to see the way it works or what it means?

With that in thoughts, I ask educators this query: How can we use the paratext of video to advance analysis and engagement? With YouTube persevering with to be full of instructional movies which can be usually accessible and have customized captions, possibly we do not have to reinvent the wheel or develop into do-it-yourself videographers to discover a video-based strategy to studying that matches our educating philosophy? ?

introductory paratext

Let’s think about what would possibly make video-based studying simpler for college students. Think about college students with much less and extra expertise utilizing instructional movies. Please word that college students do not need widespread expectations for the best way to use these movies. What sort of introductory textual content, video, or exercise could lead on everybody to the assigned video with out overwhelming them?

Listed below are some methods an teacher would possibly put together a clip:

  • Technical paratext: Nowadays college students have many technical instruments to form their viewing expertise, together with enjoying a video at twice the pace (or extra). Subsequently, it may be useful for academics to speak about the kind of viewing they anticipate for a given project and whether or not it’s okay to skim by, and even skip, components of a video. I encourage educators to incorporate the video title, size, linked supply, and a abstract of any associated actions we anticipate college students to finish.
  • Video Hooks: As college students traverse video land, the sight could be disorienting. An assigned video could also be a private favourite for the trainer, however to the scholars it’s new and never essentially of curiosity. Academics can begin by serving to college students make private connections to that video. Constructing on what Madeline Hunter calls an “anticipatory set,” instructors could attempt to spark curiosity, activate prior data, or assist college students be taught with a way of expectation.
  • Video Framing – Whereas an teacher cannot continually cease the video to see what to observe, it’s attainable to ask a key query or two early on and encourage college students to maintain that in thoughts. I usually ask college students to look carefully at recurring themes, a selected design approach, or an analytical lens. It might additionally assist encourage college students to search for problematic parts, together with errors in downside fixing, biases, or the absence of sure views (ie, seeing “in opposition to the grain”).
  • Be student-centered: Whereas the educator could find yourself within the “again of the room” throughout a video-based exercise, college students do not have to stay passive. Ask college students to write down down questions earlier than watching and through the viewing. Ask college students to generate new concepts and theories that they will share.
  • Set clear expectations. Whatever the strategy, you should definitely make clear what is predicted of scholars on this video-based studying expertise, particularly if there’s a associated check or follow-up exercise.

closing paratext

Too usually, instructor steerage on movies inadvertently relegates our function as educators to what we’d name “studying compliance screens.” In different phrases, too usually we merely administer a high-stakes quiz or pop quiz to see in the event that they watched a video. What closing actions may assist college students replicate on or apply their data to an actual challenge or follow?

In my experiences as a Ok-12 instructor and now within the faculty setting, I’ve requested college students to offer a video “micro-reflection” by writing three sentences or making a one-minute video explaining what they discovered and what that you simply wish to delve into. I additionally requested college students to elucidate how a video they watched is related to their very own life or group. I’ve even requested college students to think about themselves within the director’s chair, explaining an alternate ending they’d somewhat see or growing a supporting character’s story.

physique paratext

There are edtech instruments that may assist incorporate these methods at the same time as a video progresses. For instance, you possibly can embed prompts, quizzes, asynchronous discussions, and a wide range of different dynamic actions proper in the course of movies utilizing instruments like PlayPosit, Edpuzzle, and Nearpod. Meaning the trainer can even interrupt with a word to pay particular consideration to some element or subject within the subsequent part.

Nowadays there’s discuss of an much more immersive video expertise on the horizon, in a proposed metaverse being promoted by the principle technological corporations. My hope is that academics bear in mind to let pedagogy drive our use of the newest know-how, and that our give attention to sharing new sorts of “video paratext” might help make sure that revolutionary approaches align with our core beliefs about educating. and studying.

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